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This article applies to selling in: United Kingdom

Brexit guidance

Amazon is committed to supporting your business selling in the UK and across Europe. On January 31, 2020, the UK left the EU and entered a transition period where existing arrangements are being kept in place until December 31, 2020. The UK is due to formally leave the EU’s Single Market and Customs Union from January 1, 2021.

While UK-EU negotiations are ongoing (including determining what tariffs, if any, will apply), from January 1, 2021 there will be a customs border between the UK and EU which will have an impact on businesses working across this border.

This will have the following impact for Amazon Selling Partners from January 1, 2021:

  • FBA offers using EFN will not be fulfilled across the UK-EU border.
  • Pan-European FBA inventory transfers will stop between the UK and EU (however, Pan-European FBA will continue to transfer inventory within the EU region, supporting your sales on Germany, France, Italy and Spain sites)
  • To mitigate the impact of these changes, you should consider splitting your inventory and sending it to a fulfilment centre in the UK and the EU, so that you have sufficient stock either side of the new customs border
  • This may require you to ship your products across the new UK-EU customs border and provide additional information as part of a customs declaration

Your Amazon business will continue to operate as usual until January 1, 2021. However, there are actions you can start taking now to prepare your business for the new customs borders. For information about how you can prepare for these changes, and for all of the latest information about Brexit, please see below FAQs for details in the UK government website or the European Commission Website.

Thank you for selling on Amazon. We remain committed to supporting your business selling in the UK and in the EU as we make this transition, and we will continue to provide the latest information to support you and help your business thrive in the future.

Frequently Asked Questions

FAQ 1: What does this mean for my Amazon business until December 31, 2020?

Until December 31, 2020 your Amazon business will operate as usual:

  • Pan-European FBA will still proactively transfer inventory across Europe
  • European Fulfillment Network (EFN) will continue to fulfil FBA cross-border orders (for example, a French customer buying a product on Amazon.fr and Amazon using inventory stored in a UK fulfilment centre to fulfil the order).

FAQ 2: What does this mean for my Amazon business from January 1, 2021?

From January 1, 2021 (post BREXIT) there will be a number of changes to the way Amazon operates across the new UK-EU customs border:

  • Pan-European FBA inventory transfers will stop between the UK and EU. However Pan-European FBA will continue to proactively transfer inventory across the EU region, supporting your sales on our Germany, France, Italy and Spain sites
  • FBA offers that are fulfilled via EFN will not be fulfilled across the UK-EU border.
  • Minimal disruption is expected for goods sent by Selling Partners directly to UK or EU from outside of Europe (for example, from China or US) into an Amazon Fulfilment Centre, as these goods already cross a customs border and the process is not expected to change in the UK or EU
  • Seller-fulfilled orders (where the Selling Partner is using a 3rd party carrier) can continue to be fulfilled across the UK-EU border. It will be the Selling Partner’s responsibility to ensure all duties and tariffs are paid prior to delivery to the customer

FAQ 3: What can I do to prepare for BREXIT if I am using FBA?

You can protect your UK and EU sales by splitting your inventory and sending it into the UK and the EU so that you have sufficient stock either side of the new border that will be in place from January 1, 2021

You can still use Pan-European FBA to benefit from inventory placement across countries in the EU. However, you will need to send inventory to a UK fulfilment centre and a EU fulfilment centre

FAQ 4: What can I do to prepare for sending inventory to the EU and UK from January 1, 2021?

You will need to decide how you want to make customs declarations and whether you will hire a person or business to deal with customs for you. You can find more information from the UK Government here or the European Commission Website.

You should speak to your carrier to determine how they can support you in moving goods across the UK-EU border from January 1, 2021

Setting up a new shipment model can take several months and so we would recommend you start planning and making these changes now so you are well prepared for January 1, 2021

You can also use the Amazon Service Provider Network to connect you with trusted, local providers who can support you with these preparations

To ship products across a customs border you will require the following information as part of a customs declarations:

  • VAT numbers: to move goods across a border and store them locally you will require a VAT number for the country in which you are storing these products. You can find more information here, including information on Amazon VAT services
  • EORI number (Economic Operators Registration and Identification number): you will need an EORI for the UK and any other EU countries that you intend to move goods into or out from January 1, 2021. You can find more info on how to get a UK EORI here. Please find how you can request an EORI number for EU Countries here.
  • Country of Origin Information: if a trade agreement exists between the EU and UK, this will determine whether your goods may qualify for preferential treatment e.g. reduced or zero rates of duty. You can find more information here for UK and here for EU Countries.
  • Harmonised System (HS) Codes: these codes determine the level of duty and import VAT to your products. You can find more information here for UK and here for EU Countries.
  • Licenses and certifications: You should also confirm if you need licenses, certificates or permissions from intellectual-property rights owners to move your goods across the border

FAQ 5: What can I do to prepare for BREXIT if I am using Merchant Fulfilled Network (MFN)?

If you are selling from UK or EU, to fulfil orders across the UK-EU border you will also require the information outlined above (FAQ 4). You should speak to your carrier to determine how they can support you in moving goods across the UK-EU border from January 1, 2021

If you are shipping from regions outside of the EU (like the US or China) into the EU or UK, a new customs border between the EU and UK will not impact your Merchant Fulfilled orders.

FAQ 6: Will there be tariffs on products when they cross the UK-EU border from January 1, 2021?

This will depend on the trade-agreement that the UK and EU agree and is the focus of the current negotiations.

FAQ 7: Is there a chance the implementation of the customs border is delayed beyond January 1, 2021?

No, based on the UK government confirmation that the UK will leave the EU on January 1, 2021. By leaving the EU, the UK has left the EU’s customs union and therefore there will be a customs border between the UK and EU. The UK government have stated they require customs declaration in a phased manner from businesses importing from the EU (see here for more information). However, businesses will still need to track their import activity so that they can correctly declare their activity retrospectively.

FAQ 8: What is preventing Amazon from moving inventory and fulfilling orders across the customs border on January 1, 2021?

As there will be a customs border in place, additional information is required to verify the nature and value of the products moving across the border. This information needs to be provided by Selling Partners. Amazon does not have this information and so cannot move products on behalf of Selling Partners.

FAQ 9: What will happen to my inventory placed in UK/EU after the new customs border goes up on January 1, 2021?

This inventory will continue to be sold within the UK and EU. Amazon will not move it across the UK-EU border but you will be able to remove it from our fulfilment centres to a local address (through our standard removals process) and then you will be able to ship it across the UK-EU border if you wish to do so.

FAQ 10: I was thinking about launching on Pan-EU FBA this year. Should I still do so?

Yes. Pan EU FBA remains the most effective way to maximise the sales of your products across the EU by ensuring your inventory is placed close to customers, ensuring customer receive fast delivery which supports higher sales. It also reduces your costs as you will be charged Domestic fees for the sales in each country which are lower than EFN fees. Pan EU FBA will continue to be the most effective way of maximizing your sales in the EU post-BREXIT (on our Germany, France, Spain and Italy sites).

FAQ 11: Should I stop using Pan-EU FBA and EFN now?

No. Pan-EU FBA and EFN will continue to function until January 1, 2021 and will support you to grow your sales in the EU during this period. Post-BREXIT (January 1, 2021) you can continue to use Pan-EU FBA and EFN to sell your products in the EU (on our Germany, France, Spain and Italy sites).

FAQ 12: What are the long term plans for Pan-EU FBA and EFN post-BREXIT?

PanEU FBA and EFN will continue to operate in the EU and we will continue to invest and improve these products as we help our Selling Partners expand their business across the EU.

FAQ 13: What will happen to my EFN listings in Europe/UK after the deadline?

Listings in the UK will only be active if there is inventory in UK FCs (and vice versa for EU listings/inventory). To have an active listing in the UK and EU, please inbound to each region directly.

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